gangguan pada hipofisis anterior atau pada gangguan pada sistem syaraf pusat Amenore sekunder juga bisa disebabkan oleh penyakit. Tetapi terbaik. Kehamilan adalah penyebab paling umum dari amenore sekunder. ikasi rhea sekunder • tidak adanya menstruasi selama lebih dari tiga siklus. Amenore Sekunder. Disusun Oleh: Woris Christoper I Dosen Pembimbing dr. Vidia Sari, Kepanitraan Klinik SMF Ilmu Kesehatan Wanita.

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Furthermore, because the condition involves the inter workings of many different neurotransmitters, much research is still to be done on presenting hormonal treatment that would counteract the hormonal affects. Although oral contraceptives can skeunder menses to return, oral contraceptives should not be the initial treatment as they can mask the underlying problem and allow other effects of the eating disorder, like osteoporosiscontinue to develop.

FSH levels are typically in the menopausal range.

Amenorrhea – Wikipedia

After menarche, menstruation was suppressed during much of a woman’s reproductive life by either pregnancy or nursing. Clinical Gynecologic Sekjnder and Infertility. A pregnancy test is a common first step for diagnosis. The term is derived from Greek: The syndrome develops prenatally early in the development of the female reproductive system.


Gonadal, usually ovarian, abnormalities tend to be linked to elevated FSH levels or hypergonadotropic amenorrhoea. Menstruation Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Clinical Reproduction and Fertility.

In general, women with hypogonadotropic amenorrhoea are potentially fertile. It is defined as the absence of menses for three months in a woman with previously normal menstruation, or nine months for women with a history of oligomenorrhoea. R-metHuLeptin has appeared effective in restoring defects in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and improving reproductive, thyroid, and IGF hormones, as well as bone formation, thus curing the amenorrhoea and infertility.


Archived from the original on 29 January Exercise amenorrhoea, related to physical exercisestress amenorrhoea, eating disorders and weight loss obesity, anorexia nervosaor bulimia Pituitary: Extended cycle use of a,enore hormonal contraceptives also allow suppression of menstruation.

Outside the reproductive years, there is absence of menses during childhood and after menopause. Young athletes sekynder particularly vulnerable, although normal menses usually return with healthy body weight. Seknuder, it has not proved effective in restoring of cortisol and adrenocorticotropin levels, or bone resorption.

Results of the study on Metformin further implicate the regulation of these hormones as a main cause of secondary amenorrhoea. Some research among amenorrhoeic runners indicates that the loss of menses may be accompanied by a loss of self-esteem. Infobox medical condition new Pages using infobox medical condition with unknown parameters.

Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. As for physiological treatments to hypothalamic amenorrhoea, injections of metreleptin r-metHuLeptin have been tested as treatment to oestrogen deficiency srkunder from low gonadotropins and other sekknder defects such as low concentrations of thyroid and IGF Gonadal dysgenesis, often associated with Turner’s Syndromeor premature ovarian failure may also be to blame.

Dyspareunia Hypoactive sexual desire disorder Sexual arousal disorder Vaginismus. Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause secondary amenorrhea, although the link between the two is not well understood.

Reproductive disorders may be the only manifestation of undiagnosed celiac disease and most cases are not recognized. Endometrium Asherman’s syndrome Dysfunctional uterine bleeding Endometrial hyperplasia Endometrial polyp Endometriosis Endometritis. Patients who use and then cease using contraceptives like the combined oral contraceptive pill COCP may experience secondary amenorrhoea as a withdrawal symptom. The social effects of amenorrhoea on a person vary significantly.

A reason for this occurrence may be that a person phenotypically female but genetically male, a situation known as androgen insensitivity syndrome. Breastfeeding is said to prevent more births in the developing world than any other method of birth control or contraception.


Reductions in age of menarche and lower fertility rates mean that modern women menstruate far more often than they did under the conditions prevalent for most of human evolutionary history. In the absence of undescended testes, an MRI can be used to determine whether or not a uterus is present. Female infertility Fallopian tube obstruction Hematosalpinx Hydrosalpinx Salpingitis. Adnexa Ovary Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion.

Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive Lactational amenorrhea. Archived from the original on 4 January Looking at Hypothalamic amenorrhoea, studies have provided that the administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRI might correct abnormalities of Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhoea FHA related to the condition of stress-related amenorrhoea.

For those who do not plan to have biological children, treatment may be unnecessary if the underlying cause of the amenorrhoea is not threatening to their health.

D ICD – Treatments vary based on the underlying condition.

Hormonal contraceptives that contain only progestogen like the oral contraceptive Micronor, and especially higher-dose formulations like the injectable Depo Provera commonly induce this side effect.

A dopamine agonist can often help relieve symptoms. British Journal of Sports Medicine. Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. A woman in this situation may be unable to become pregnant, even with the help of drugs. Energy imbalance and weight loss can disrupt menstrual cycles through several hormonal mechanisms. Retrieved from ” https: The hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis is functional.