Bailment, as defined under Section of the Indian Contract Act, is the delivery of goods by one person to another for some purpose. Bailment is the delivery of goods by a person (the Bailor) to another (the Bailee) for a certain purpose. have been pledged by him under section 19 of the Indian Contracts Act,and the contract [1]Indian Contracts Act, In Contact, a bailment is the delivery of goods from one person to another for Section of the Indian Contract Act, deals with the topic of bailment.

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We deliver our goods to another person or leave them in the power of another person for a purpose and expect to receive our goods back when the purpose has been achieved. Thus, the bailee must have actual physical control of the property with the intent to possess it for a valid bailment.

Contract- II: Bailment

Present Position in India: Navigation menu Personal tools. Bailment is different from licence and sale.

Login with your social accounts: To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Indian Contract Act, Contract Law. If the Bailor refuses to receive back bailmenf goods, the entitled to receive compensation from the Bailor for the baailment expenses of custody. These are dealt within Chap. In this case, A alone is being benefited by the bailment. In Gratuitous Bailment, however, the Bailor is responsible only for those faults which are known to him and which are not disclosed. Capper [ 5 Bing NC ] that a servant in custody of certain goods by the nature of his job is not a bailee.

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The bailee has no power to make contracts on behalf of the bailor or make the bailor liable for his own acts with the goods bailed. For example, a seller of goods becomes a bailee if the goods continue to be in his possession after sale is complete. The circumstance in which this happens are numerous. Even the delivery of a indin receipt is taken as the equivalent of delivery of the goods. Property deposited in a court under orders is not property delivered under a contract.

They were injured and suffered loss.

Bailment – Section 148 – 181 of Indian Contracts Act

Similarly, it was held in Reaves vs. In case of such agreement or instructions, the bailee must immediately dispose the goods after completion of purpose as per the directions. Natha [ 13 Bom ] In Secy of State vs. On the argument of Mr Jaggal that the relationship between the two parties is 187 landlord and hirer, it was said that it cannot be said that such a relationship existed because the supposed hirer the plaintiff did not have direct access to the land that he has hired and the assistance of the bank employees is required in doing so.


It is to be noted that if a person is already in possession of goods of another contracts to hold them as inian, he thereby becomes the bailee and the owner of the goods as bailor, though the goods are not delivered by way of bailment.

Bailment is a type of special contract and thus, all basic requirements of contract like consent of parties, competency, etc are applicable to any contract of Bailment.

Even though the actual and physical possession was with the person, the legal possession was with the bank, the bailee. A has rare coins in a locked safe-deposit box. Such a bailment may be for the exclusive benefit of either party, i. You are commenting using your WordPress. Bailment implies a sort of one person temporarily goes into the possession of another. Retrieved from ” http: Here B is the bailor and receives the hire charges and A is the bailee and enjoys the use of the car.

The plaintiff hired from the defendant for a specific journey of a carriage, a pair of horses and a driver. Goods consigned without disclosing that they were combustible.

The man sued the State to hold it responsible as a bailee. The court has been right in giving this decision in cntract of the respondents because holding the bank responsible for the loss of any goods kept in the locker by their customers would give rise to uncountable amount of liability as it may be found difficult to prove that there was no exclusive possession of the contents of the locker.

If during the bailment of a good the Pawnor is wrong then he or she is contrct for all the wrongs. You are commenting using your Facebook account.

Contract- II: Bailment

If he does not make such disclosure, he is responsible for any damage caused to the Bailee directly from such faults. Private defense under IPC. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. But in such a case, the loss accuring to the bailee from such premature termination should not exceed the benefit he has derived out of the bailment. If a person is not bound to return the goods to another, then the relationship between them is not of bailment.


It is no defence for him to say that he was not aware of the defect. Similarly, when you give your PC or laptop for repair to some techie, both you and the computer techie are going to be benefited by this contract — while you get your computer repaired, he gets his fees or charges.

Bailment – Introduction – Notes to Help

If the Pawnee has obtained the goods that have been pledged by him under section 19 of the Indian Contracts Act,and the contract at the time of the pledge has not been refunded by the Pawnee; he has the right to acquire a good title to the good, given that his actions are in good faith and without a notice of the bonus defect of ownership title.

Learned judge has further added that the appellants alone had the knowledge of the contents of the locker. Cntract a person deposits or delivers the goods under stressful circumstance like fire flood, riots or conhract the person who is depositing the goods is incapable of appreciating the value of the action, it is still regarded as bailment congract the absence of a contract.

The plaintiff hired a motor launch from the defendant for a holiday on the river Thames. There is a contract of bailment between the man and the repair-man. The bailee only contrat certain power over the property of the bailor with his permission. But the incian manager of the particular branch had fraudulently filed the levers of the locks of the lockers. It is necessary that the goods are delivered to the bailee and returned to the bailor contrcat the purpose is accomplished upon a contract.

The delivery of possession does not mean that the bailee now represents the bailor with respected to the bailed goods. Delivery of goods to another under a mistake of identity of the person is also treated as bailment without a contract as long as the bailor took reasonable care to ascertain the identity. Bailment is a process where the owner of certain goods places them in the temporary possession of another person.