Revolutionary War Drill Manual by Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben are to be perfectly acquainted with the manual exercise, marchings and. On February 23, , Frederick William Baron von Steuben reported to General George Washington at the Continental Army’s bleak winder encampment at. Von Steuben: Manual of Arms The Manual Exercise .. Baron von Steuben’s Revolutionary War Drill Manual (), Dover Publications, Inc., Mineola, NY.
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When bxron sergeant of the guard comes within ten paces of the rounds, he is to halt and challenge briskly. He is answerable for the cleanliness of the camp, and that the soldiers make no fire any where but in the kitchens.
Baron Von Steuben’s Revolutionary War Drill Manual: A Facsimile Reprint of the 1794 Edition
The non-commissioned officer must order the commanding officer of the party advance, and conduct him to the officer of revllutionary guard; who, in case he is unacquainted with his person, and does not choose to trust either his clothing or to his knowledge of the countersign, must demand his passport, and examine him strictly; and if convinced of his belonging to the army, must let him pass.
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At this signal also all general and staff officers guards, and those of the commissaries, must return to their respective regiments. He should also once every month assemble the bzron officers and eldest captain, to hold a council of administration; in which should be examined the books of several companies, the paymaster and quartermaster, to see that all receipts and deliveries are entered in proper order, and the frill of the regiment dully administered.
The intention of the camp guards being to form a chain of sentinels round the camp, in order to prevent improper persons entering, or the soldiers going out of camp, the commanding officers of brigades will add to, or diminish them, so as to answer the above purpose. The whole wheel by platoons to the right, and march by the general; the colonel at the head of the battalion, with the major behind him, followed by the revolutoonary of the right recolutionary the adjutant on the left of the fifth platoon; and the lieutenant colonel in the rear preceded by the drums of the left wing.
The wagons of the park, and others, are to be conducted agreeably to the foregoing direction, and manua, necessary officers furnished to keep order on the march. The officers and non-commissioned officers of each regiment, are to be perfectly acquainted with the manual exercise, marchings and firings, that they may be able to instruct their soldiers when necessary; they must also be acquainted with dress, discipline, and police of troops, and with every thing that relates to the service.
The sentinels of the interior guards of the camp will receive the countersign, and begin to challenge, at such hours as shall be determined in orders, according to circumstances. The General is to be beat only when the whole are to march, and is the signal to strike the tents, and prepare to march. In proportion as the ground permits, the files will march up to their places in front, dress, and take step with the colors. Additional information Publisher Dover Publications.
CONGRESS judging it of the greatest importance to prescribe some invariable rules for the order and discipline of the troops, especially for the purpose mznual introducing an uniformity in their formations and maneuvers, and in the service of the camp:. The sections on the right of each platoon incline by the oblique step to the left; and those on the left of each platoon, following the former, incline to the right, till they all cover; when they march forward, opening the ranks as before directed.
The general of the day will usually order the manual exercise to be performed, and some maneuvers, such as he revolutioonary proper; the reovlutionary of brigade of the day giving the words of command. Recover and revolktionary as tevolutionary directed, at the same time stepping about six inches to the right, so as to place yourself opposite the interval of the front rank.
Baron von Steuben’s Revolutionary Garon drill manual: The non-commissioned officers of each company will be provided with gun-worms; and every day, at the noon roll-call of the company, those men who have returned from duty are to bring their arms and have their charges drawn; the first sergeant to receive the powder and ball, and deliver the same to the quartermaster. The head of the column arriving at the entrance of the camp, the commanding officer of the first battalion will command.
Add to Your books. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. Please verify that you are not a robot. Please enter recipient e-mail address es. That the men may not be improperly burdened and fatigued, the captains are not to suffer them to carry any thing which is either useless or unnecessary. The tents vo the battalion being all pitched, the adjutant will form the detachments for necessaries, and send them off.
When the manuql are challenged by a sentinel, they will answer, Wwr rounds!
Your rating has been recorded. During the day, the sentinels on the outposts must stop every party of men, whether armed or not, till they have been examined by drilll officer of the guard.
All guards turn out with presented arms; the drums beat a march, the officers salute. When a battalion parades for exercise, it is to be formed, and the officers posted, agreeably to the instructions already given in the third and fourth chapters.
When the army marches, he must see the tents properly packed and loaded, and go with the baggage, see that the waggoners commit no disorders, and that nothing is lost out of the wagons. The recruits having been exercised singly, till they have a proper carriage, and are well grounded in the different steps; the officer will then take three men, and placing them in one rank, exercise them in the different steps, and teach them.
Quitting the piece with your right hand, sink it with your left down the left side, as far as may be without constraint, at the same time seize the bayonet with the right hand, down to the stock, and pressing in the piece to the hollow of the shoulder. He is also to be answerable that no more tents are pitched than are absolutely necessary, allowing one tent for the non-commissioned officers of each company, and one for every six men, including the drums and fifes. The Troop assembles the soldiers together, for the purpose of calling the roll and inspecting the men for duty.
To do which, he should pay great attention to the following objects:. Not much of a read. Those who are guilty of repeated neglects in these particulars are to be confined and punished. If it be necessary to have a flank guard on each side, a file must be sent from the other flank of each platoon to compose it; and as this service is fatiguing, the men should be relieved every hour. During the day the men may be permitted to rest themselves as much as is consistent with the safety of the guard; but in the night, no man must be suffered to lay down or sleep on any account, but have his arms constantly in his hands, and be ready to fall in on the least alarm.
A corporal who is detected in having the insolence to suffer sentries to relieve each other, without his being present, shall, as well as the sentry so relieved, be severely punished. On a march he must often ride along the flanks of his regiment, see that the platoons march in order, and keep their proper distances. An officer must never throw in the whole of his fire at once; for which reason every guard is to be divided into two or more divisions of platoons; the eldest officer taking post on the right of the first platoon, the next eldest on the right of the second platoon, and the third on the left of the whole; the non-commissioned officers cover the officers; the drum is to be on the right of the captain, and the sentinel one pace advanced of the drum.
To rate and review, sign in. The only means of keeping the soldiers in order is, to have them continually under the eyes of their superiors; for which reason the commandant should use the utmost of severity to prevent their straggling from their companies, and never suffer them to leave their regiment without being under the care of a non-commissioned officer, except in cases of necessity.
Shake the powder into the pan, and covering the cartridge again, place the three last fingers behind the hammer, with the elbow up. The recruits being thus far instructed, the officer must take twelve men, and placing them in one rank, teach them to dress to the right and left; to do which the soldier must observe to feel the man on that side he dresses to, without crowding him, and to advance or retire, till he can just discover the breast of the second man from him, taking care not to stoop, but to keep his head and body upright.
He must keep a book, in which must be entered the name and description of every non-commissioned officer and soldier of his company; his trade or occupation; the place of his birth and usual residence; where, when and for what term he enlisted; discharges, furloughs, copies of all returns, and every casualty that happens in the company. The officer of the police is to make a general inspection into the cleanliness of the camp, not suffer fire to be made any where but in the kitchens, and cause all dirt to be immediately removed, and either burnt or buried.
On the arrival of the regiment in camp, his first care is to form and send off the guards; and when the tents are pitched, he must immediately order out the necessary number of fatigue men to dig the vaults or sinks, and open communications where necessary.
Revolutionary War Drill Manual – Wikisource, the free online library
Preview this item Preview this item. These sacks to be provided in the same manner as clothing for the troops, and finally issued by the regimental clothier to the captain of each company, who shall be answerable for the same.
The inconvenience arising to an army from having to great a number of wagons, must be evident to every officer; and it is expected, that for the future each officer will curtail his baggage as much as possible. At this word the soldier must be fevolutionary, Stand firm and steady, Moving neither hand nor foot. All returns of the regiment being signed by the commanding officer, he should examine them with the greatest care before he suffers them to go out of his hands.