Summary. A Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change, or the Burke & Litwin Model, suggests linkages that hypothesize how performance is. Download scientific diagram | The Burke-Litwin Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change from publication: Change Management Strategy in. To provide a model of organizational performance and change, at least two lines of theorizing need to be W. Warner Burke George H. Litwin The authors go beyond description and suggest causal linkages that hypothesize how.

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It is important to remember that the model does not make any changes to the critical factors, however it is a useful tool for identifying the relevant factors and how they interact with one another when a change process is occurring or being planned for. The two main uses of the model are to either diagnose a problem within the organisation or create an action plan often for a change initiative. All the affecting factors put together affects the motivation level of the individuals in an organization, which in turn impacts the overall performance.

This would also involve identifying motivational triggers. Motivation — The setting of goals to inspire and direct employees.

A Causal Model of Organizational Performance & Change (Burke & Litwin Model) | Reflect & Learn

No 3 p Burke-Litwin model provides an effective strategy to manage organizational change, but its effectiveness is subject to how well each of the twelve dimensions identified by it are explored and put to ,odel. The model burie-litwin on providing a guide for both organizational diagnosis and planned, managed organizational change, one that clearly shows cause-and-effect relationships. The causal model links what could be understood from practice to what is known from research and theory.

This can be represented in many different ways, commonly turnover, productivity, customer satisfaction etc.


The model also demonstrates the hierarchy of factors within an organisation and hence the flow of influence from one factor to the next. Systems Policies and Procedures — These buurke-litwin the mechanisms put in place to help and support employees. The Burke-Litwin change model begins with outlining a framework, comprising the affecting factors which can be manipulated to guarantee a smoother transition from one phase of the change process to another.

Burke-Litwin: The Performance and Change Model

Mission and Strategy — This factor describes the purpose of the organisation and also the processes for how it will be achieved. The 12 Dimensions Here is a brief description of each of the 12 dimensions identified by the Burke-Litwin change model.

This involves understanding what a specific job position demands and the kind of kind of skills and knowledge that an employee must have in order to cauwal the task responsibilities of that job position. It is a collective study of how the employees think, feel and what do they expect. Structure — The breakdown of the organisation i. Therefore, using this model can reveal what areas of the business are affected and how they are interrelated.

Then within that group the specific element should be identified. Individual Values and Needs: And understanding the linkage between these supportive pillars is the key to effective and smoother change. Assessing Key Factors The Burke-Litwin change model strives to bring in change in the performance of a team or an organization by establishing links between performance and burke-ltwin internal and external factors which affect performance. The key external factors that have an impact on the organization must be identified and their direct and indirect impact on the organization should be clearly established.

The Performance and Change Model Analyse model. Individual and Overall Performance: This change model is based on assessing the organizational as well as environmental factors which can be tweaked so fausal to ensure a successful change. There are four groups of elements within an organisation; the external environment, transformational factors, transactional factors and performance. The other most critical aspect is how well the management and the staff collaborate to achieve the new strategies and goals as proposed in the change.


An example would be a change in legal working requirements external environment. The most critical aspect here is establishing the links between the twelve causwl of this change framework.

Using the Burke-Litwin Change Model to Manage Organizational Change

Firstly, the group should be identified where either the change is coming from or being planned for. Individual and Organisational Performance — This factor is the overall output of the organisation. The 12 key dimensions of the change model interact with and affect each other. Lasting change to any of these factors is likely to sweep change throughout the organisation. Any change that occurs to these factors will have substantial consequences to the rest of the organisation.

The authors argue these factors are strongly affected by management, rather than leadership. The Burke-Litwin change model strives to bring in change in the performance of a team or an organization by establishing causl between performance and the mkdel and external factors which affect performance.

This website is a joint collaboration between:. Through motivation and individual needs and values, we would then see a change to individual and organisational performance. This may be legal systems or reward systems, for example.