Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

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Trunk diameter up to 30 cm with white-reddish brown bark. The effect of supplementing urea treated maize stover with TithoniaCalliandra and Sesbania to growing goats.

A simpler method is to immerse the seed in a small amount of almost boiling water which cools down quickly enough so that it does not kill the seed and then soak it for 12 – 24 hours in warm water claothyrsus sowing.

Initial performance of Calliandra calothyrsus Meissn. The Nicaraguan provenance of ‘San Ramon’ is superior for leaf production, but should not be promoted for fodder, as its nutritive value is significantly lower than that of other provenances, including ‘Patulul’ Guatemala and the Kenyan land race ‘Embu’.

Feeding value The chemical composition of Calliandra calothyrsus is shown in table 1.

Caloyhyrsus sheep and goats, a 1: A note on the effect of feeding local forages to commercial layers on egg production and yolk colour. In Kenya, increases in goat milk production were reported though the conditions of distribution were not specified Place et al.

Mitigation of methane emissions by ruminants Feeding calliandra to ruminants results in lower enteric methane emissions than with grasses or herbaceous legumes: Pod ripening is basipetal over several months days and seed dispersal is through explosive apical dehiscence of the pods. Predominantly outcrossing with a weak, possibly late-acting, self-incompatibility system. It can be regularly coppiced to provide firewood. Calliandra calothyrsus might have a huge potential use in the Tropics which are the regions where problems linked to agricultural products are growing.


For direct seeding the rows should be free of weeds and the ground should be roughly cultivated. Rumen degradation and in vivo digestibility of dried Calliandra cslothyrsus leaves. Reference used in the text above Ahn, J.

Herbage biomass production and nutritive value of mulberry Morus alba and Calliandra calothyrsus harvested at different cutting frequencies.

Calliandra calothyrsus – Useful Tropical Plants

Fungal attacks can cause serious damages on Calliandra calothyrsus when the plants are cut back too low prior to rainfall or during calothyrshs wet season. Calliandra calothyrsus is shrub or a small tree m highwith a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm, with white to red brown bark and a dense canopy.

Detannification of Calliandra calothyrsus: Calliandra is callaindra used as a protein supplement in dairy cow feeding. It is compatible with crops, with both deep roots and extensive fibrous roots. As most of the tropical soils are losing their fertility, planting Calliandra calothyrsus is a way to improve soil fertility and stabilize the soil structure.

Fact sheet – Calliandra calothyrsus

Composition and degradability of different fractions of Calliandra leaves, pods and seeds. The response may arise from the provision of tannin -protected protein that can be efficiently absorbed post-ruminally. In its native range, grows in calliadra rainfall regimes ofmm with dry months.

In situ degradability of organic matter, crude protein and cell wall of various tree forages.

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Calliandra is native to the humid and subhumid regions of Central America and Mexico. Animal Feed Science and Technology 27, pp. Plant and animal families Plant and animal species. Composition of condensed tannins from Calliandra calothyrsus and correlation with in sacco digestibility.


Calliandra callothyrsus is native to the humid and sub-humid areas of Central America and Mexico. Please view the copyright link for more information. The effect of Calliandra leaf Calliandra cqlothyrsus as protein source on duck feed. Cqlothyrsus cultivars of C.

Right plant wrong place. Palatability of tropical tree legume forage to rabbits. The wood is suitable as a smoking fuel for the production of smoked sheet rubber[ ]. This page was last edited on 17 Novemberat Calliandra is one of the most tanniferous legumes Ahn et al.

However, the high tannin content of the leaves reduces the microbial breakdown of organic matter in the soil Palmer et al. Honeyproduction Satjapradja and Sukandi,fuelwood, land reclamation, green manure, animal fodder, pulpwood Winrock International, Rumen degradation and in vivo digestibility of dried Calliandra calothyrsus leaves.

Calliandra calothyrsus can naturalise notably in riverine areas and damper woodlands. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included.

Flowers are in umbelliform umbrella-like clusters outer whorl of sepals of cm length. In alley cropping, pollarding should be carried out at 4 month intervals to limit shading of the companion crop Orwa et al.

Calliandra calothyrsus

Locations within which Calliandra calothyrsus is naturalised include the Indonesian archipelago. Suitable host for sandalwood Santalum album. It has been positively assessed for biofuel bioethanol production in India Calothyrsis et al. Animal Production in Australia 22, pp.