Welcome. db4o is the native Java,.NET and Mono open source object database. This tutorial was written to get you started with db4o as quickly as possible. This documentation and tutorial is intended to get you started with db4o and to be a reliable The db4o object database engine consists of one single jar file. Introduction; Query by Example; Updates and identity; A search utility method; Advanced queries; Native queries in db4o; In conclusion.

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For example, it would be nice to be able to enforce both a first name and a last name for Person objects.

First Steps Let’s get started as simple as possible. The busy Java developer’s guide to db4o Queries, updates, and identity Count the ways to query in db4o.

Failing to include these libraries will not generate an error of any tutprial but will simply cause every native query to be unoptimized. It will not undo changes to any tutoril loaded objects. The db4o native query approach puts the compilation into bytecode back into the hands of the Java or C compiler, thus allowing for type safety and earlier detection of incorrect query syntax.

The default value of 5 is a good balance for most applications, but developers should balance this against the weight of their classes and their access patterns.

The busy Java developer’s guide to db4o: Queries, updates, and identity

Tktorial IConfiguration object must be passed in the call to open the db4o file, server, or client connection. In this and future articles, I’ll continue making the case for the object database. When searching for Brian in the database, you therefore need only look for those attributes on the Person instances.

Two objects of note are com. Despite its name, this is a Java bytecode optimizer developed at Purdue University that must be present, along with the db4o Fine-grained activation depth can be configured per class.

You can find complete instructions in the db4o reference documentation. Simply register a listener Db4oQueryExecutionListener against the ObjectContainer itself to inform you if a native query cannot be optimized, as shown in Listing Or, again, you could tweak the method tutoriial return the instance found, so that the Person instance had its OID appropriately associated, and so on.


Especially in a strongly typed language like C or Java programming, these object types have to be known a prioriunlike the set-based notion of SQL. If the bytecode is easy enough to understand, db4o will turn that query into a SODA query for efficiency, in which case there is no need to instantiate all ttutorial objects tutoriial pass into the match method.

This means that there is only ever 1 instance of an object in memory for each stored instance of the object. Snapshot Best for servers and concurrent environments. Links Here are some further links on developer. When accessing a child object, db4o can automatically activate the turorial object from the database if it is not yet already activated.

db4o tutorial – db4objects Inc. – Informatique

Transparent Activation must be enabled in the configuration when opening a db4o database and your compiled assembly must be instrumented by Db4oTool. These handlers are great for selectively activating, refreshing, or cascading db operations.

Best for servers and concurrent environments. I have a db4o database in which I have a type Person that I want to query based on a set of fields that have certain values in them. In the classic parlance of authors tutoorial, I leave hashCode as “an exercise to dbo4 reader,” which typically means the author either doesn’t want to bother db4i it or doesn’t think it’s necessary to the example at hand. Db4o factory is your starting point. This series is a working introduction to db4o, an open source database that leverages today’s object-oriented languages, systems, and mindset.

An iterator is created against the best index found. In order to use the interactive functionality a Java JRE 1. Obviously, this would only be desirable during development — at runtime it would be preferable to log this failure to a log4j error stream or something equally less distracting to the user. Tutorkal can use the same Store object command to update an object. You can also use the db. I then iterate through an db44o of Strings that have the fields in them, getting back each Field object in the Class.


Maybe Brian was added a couple of years ago, before he turned Queries, updates, and identity. This section shows you a solution based on using the Reflection APIs to poke the right values into the right fields, as well as suggesting ways to tune the solution for various preferences and aesthetics.

Getting Started With db4o

Methods available on this class vary from release to release as they are introduced, removed, or moved to the core ObjectContainer class itself. This is probably the trickiest part of working with an OODBMS because an object database uses a different notion of identity from a relational database. Closing a database cleanly will automatically call Commit for you, so any uncommitted transactions are committed automatically. You can cast it to ExtObjectContainer or you can use the method to get to the advanced features.

It provides an organized view of the API, looking from a java package perspective and you may find related functionality to the theme you are currently reading up on. For all but the simplest db4o use cases, you’ll probably want to specify one or more configuration settings when opening your db4o database: For collection nodes, matches will contain the specified value.

Using Port 0 for your server creates an “Embedded” server which will not be available remotely. If you encounter an object that is not yet activated, you can pass it to db4o for manual late dbo. As it turns out, db4o does neither of these; instead, the principals behind db4o chose to take an interesting and innovative approach to native queries.