“Enteroatmospheric” Fistula: The Feared Complication of the. “Open Abdomen”. William Schecter, MD, FACS. Professor of Clinical Surgery. University of. An enteroatmospheric fistula (EAF) is a known, morbid complication of open abdomen (OA) treatment. Patients with EAF often require repeated operations and. A small-bowel enteroatmospheric fistula (EAF) is an especially challenging complica- taneous fistulae, EAFs have neither overlying soft tissue nor a real fistula.

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World J Emerg Surg ;8: After enteroatmospherci day in hospital hospital day 1; HD1Continuous renal replacement therapy was implemented due to acute kidney injury.

Negative-pressure wound therapy for critically ill adults with open abdominal wounds: Perforation of right colon at the hepatic flexure was observed and right hemicolectomy with ileostomy was performed.

Management of enteroatmospheric fistulae.

On HD2, right nephrectomy was performed due to complete infarction fisgula the right kidney, but abdomen closure was unsuccessful due to severe bowel edema. This was in late October. Sand Schecter WP. A baby bottle nipple method was tried and quite successful somedays but fixation of the nipple on the EAF was not easy.

Discussion Figure Reference A year-old male patient was admitted to trauma surgery department after a motorcycle accident. Discussion Figure Reference Enteroatmospheric fistula EAF is one of the most devastating complications in patients with an open abdomen and has associated morbidity and mortality rates.

Prevention is clearly the best treatment strategy but may be difficult to achieve. When treating patients with risk factors, efforts should be made to prevent EAF development and devise better techniques for diverting effluent. The bridge is fixed to the abdominal wall using a self-adhesive plaster. Ileostomy and the perforation were resected emergently and a stoma was created at midline Fig. He remained in a bedridden state awaiting pelvic surgery.


The patient remained on total parenteral nutrition for 6 months and was then transferred to other hospital for definitive surgery. There were two options available to us; either to allow the small wound left pictorial available to close spontaneously or for the plastic surgeon to do a muscle flap. Comparison of outcomes between early fascial closure and delayed abdominal closure in patients with open abdomen: Recently, negative pressure wound therapy was introduced to manage OA.

Their etiology is complex and ranges from persistent abdominal infection, anastomotic leakage, adhesions of the bowel to itself or fascia, and repeated bowel manipulation during return trips to the operating room or dressing changes. Then, a fistula plug was applied, but it was difficult to fix the plug in the EAF. Quality of life after abdominal wall reconstruction following open abdomen.

This was how the wound was managed to ensure wound closure and thereafter the fistula should close spontaneously. Collapsible enteroatmospheric fistula isolation device: Enteroatmospheric fistula EAFa special subset of enterocutaneous fistula ECFis defined as a communication between the gastrointestinal GI tract and the atmosphere.

Eventually, when the fistula is closed, the suture is cut off and the silicon plug is discharged at time of defecation. An interventional laparotomy was subsequently carried out. Subsequently, wound crown method was applied to divert effluent fiatula EAF, 2 but failed because perforation sites adjoined the abdominal wall.

Following this advice, I continued with the existing care plan. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Small bowel fistulas and the open abdomen. Kang Kook Choi, M. Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma: New Care Management Plan: Professional judgment, experience, and teamwork are key to successfully managing the patient with EAF. Due to hypercatabolism and the losses caused by laparostomy and the fistula, appropriate calorie, protein, vitamin and microelement supplies must be ensured.


Other Sections Abstract I.

After seeing how much progress had been made, the plastic surgeon was of the opinion that the existing care plan should continue until maximum closure occurred.

In early December, I was informed that the wound was closed surgically but that this was made possible due to the considerable work carried out previously to shrink the wound. Discussion Other Sections Abstract I. Gastroenterol Res Pract ; Most patients can tolerate some amount of enteral and even oral feeding and do not need to be maintained on PN alone. Computed tomography revealed liver laceration, bleeding of mesentery, complete infarction of the right kidney, multiple rib fractures, and a pelvic bone fracture Anterior Posterior Compression type III Fig.

Enteroatmosheric flexible device is designed to create a channel for effluent while maintaining the integrity and beneficial aspects of the NPWT dressing.

This is a plug designed to seal the EAF from inside, and consists of entwroatmospheric circular disk of 1-mm thick silicone of diameter of 2 to 5 cm Fig. Enteroatmospheric fistula EAF is one of the most devastating complications in patients with an open abdomen and has associated morbidity and mortality rates.

Enteroatmospheric fistula: from soup to nuts.

References Other Sections Abstract I. However, he had an open abdomen and an entero-atmospheric fistula developed thereafter. As a result, the spontaneous healing of EAF is nearly impossible. Scand J Surg ;