STYLISTIC FOREGROUNDING. Definitions and concepts. • Foreground is a term usually used in art, having opposite meaning to background. • It’s a very. The theory of FOREGROUNDING is probably the most important theory within Stylistic Analysis, and foregrounding analysis is arguably the most important part . Foregrounding • Shklovsky saw defamiliarization as accompanied by feeling: stylistic devices in literary texts “emphasize the emotional effect of.
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Foregrounding is the practice of making something stand out from the surrounding words or images. There are two main types of foregrounding: Parallelism can be described as unexpected regularity, while deviation can be seen as unexpected irregularity.
Something can only be unexpectedly regular or irregular within a particular context. This context can be relatively narrow, such as the immediate stylietics surroundings referred to as a ‘secondary norm’  or wider such as an entire genre referred to as a ‘primary norm’ .
Ling , Topic 3 (session A)
For example, the last line of a poem with a consistent metre may be foregrounded by changing the number of syllables it contains. This would be an example of a deviation from a secondary norm.
In the following tsylistics by E. Cummings there are two types of deviation:. Firstly, most of the poem deviates from ‘normal’ language primary deviation.
Foregrounding, Deviation and Parallelism
In addition, there is secondary deviation in that the penultimate line is unexpectedly different from the rest of the poem. Nursery rhymesadverts and slogans often exhibit parallelism in the form of repetition and rhymebut parallelism can also occur over longer texts. For example, jokes are often built on a mixture of parallelism and deviation.
They often consist of three parts or characters.
The first two are very similar parallelism and the third one starts out as similar, but our expectations are thwarted when it turns out different in end deviation. Foregrounding can occur on all levels of language  phonologygraphologymorphologylexissyntaxsemantics and pragmatics. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.