Title, Fortalitium fidei. Biblioteca Digital Dioscórides · Incunables (Biblioteca Histórica UCM). Author, Alfonso de la Espina. Publisher, Antonius Koberger, “Fortalitium fidei” is often credited as a precursor to Western demonology and witchcraft lore, but that isn’t the scariest part of this work. Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we .

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In the latter half of the 17th century, the cognoscenti were struggling to reconcile new approaches to science and religious thought. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.

Fortalitium fidei : Alphonsus de Spina : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

The Archives house hundreds of volumes and precious artifacts, including the death masks of the Italian American anarchists Ferdinando Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti.

Alphonso de Spina unknown date of birth — in or about was a Spanish Franciscan Catholic Bishoppreacher and writer. However, most modern scholars attribute it to Alfonso de Spina [ citation needed ].

In this last book de Spina dwells at length upon the demons and their hatred of men; the powers they have over men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of the demonsand so on. By the late 19th century, the zealotry of witch hunts had faded, though pockets of superstition remained. It is divided into five [2] books: Besides the “Fortalitium”, Alfonso de Spina published at least three other works: The Fortalitium Fidei is a treatise on various types of arguments to be used by preachers and others to oppose detractors of Catholicism.


De Espina, who some scholars believe to be a Christian convert, called for the expulsion of all Jews and Muslims from Spain.

He was the author of Fortalitium Fideia treatise on arguments to be used to oppose detractors of Catholicism. By Leah Burrows Oct. Robert Appleton Company, De Espina classifies demons fdei 10 categories including goblins, incubi and succubi, and demons that specifically target old women. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

He was a man of great learning and attained considerable renown as a preacher, but his chief title to fame is the work entitled “Fortalitium Fidei” frtalitium Mariana lib. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. His empirical approach to the supernatural influenced other thinkers of the time, including Cotton Mather, whose writings on witchcraft fueled some of the hysteria leading to the Salem Witch Trials.

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Monday, December 31, Although long interested in the supernatural, Scott was profoundly skeptical of it, and these letters express sympathy and outrage for the men and women of the previous century accused of witchcraft and executed. Ashley says that Alphonso de Spina is quoted as stating that the total number of angels who sided with Lucifer’s revolt was ,, a figure, Ashley remarks, so precise that one hardly foryalitium what to say; he adds that the Book of Enoch puts the number at Deep in the cool, dry basement of Goldfarb Library, faces of death mingle with witches, demons and the devil.


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Joseph Glanvil was an English clergyman and philosopher. Humanities and Social SciencesResearch.

Welcome to the Robert D. Alphonso de Espina, best known as one of the harbingers of the Spanish Inquisition, published the first printed book to contain references to witchcraft. About this fortalitim APA citation.

This page was last edited on 31 Decemberat As a member of the Royal Society of London, the oldest scientific body in the world, Glanvil was a strong supporter of both empirical research and the supernatural. The “Fortalitium Fidei” deals with the different kinds of armour to be used by preachers and others in their warfare against the fortaliyium of the Christian religion.

The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Spanish Franciscandate of birth unknown; died about Less than a decade later, the Inquisition was established, during which scholars estimate hundreds of thousands of people were killed.

The reason why the work is included in the fivei O. De Espina writes about assemblies of women in southern France who were burnt — the earliest printed reference to the burning of accused witches. For Glanvil, and many others at the time, belief in the supernatural was an argument against atheism.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In The Catholic Encyclopedia.