Definition. The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system. They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton. In fact, many.

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Publishers named above each report are responsible for their own content, which AllAfrica does not have the legal right to edit or correct. The Gada Assembly Yaa? One generation in Oromo covers 40 years of the life cycle. The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system of pear group.? They then voice their opinion on the right course of action the Oromo should take on social, political, economic and environmental issues.

There is little to do with? The tone, the gesture, the accent, the pause and other oratorical finesses are sufficient among several clans to strongly nuance the word De Salviac These were age regiments consisting of the dystem Gada class members, Qeerroo bachelors and qondala youth. His duties also include transferring knowledge gadaaa skills associated with the functions of the democratic Gada System to the members of succeeding grades.

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The Gadaa System of the Oromo People

Oditu, Karrayu, Qaalluu of Borena clan as well as great Qaalluu of Gujii clan were said to be originally descendants from heaven.

This, according to Legesse, [7] is the main shortcoming of Oromo Democracy. The late Donald Levine has said [4] that Gadaa is “one of the most complex systems of social organization ever devised by the human imagination”. Consequently, the Gada class incorporates within its ranks people varying in ages.

Thus, an understanding of the System by different communities helps for inter-cultural dialogue and encourage mutual respect. The transition rituals by which the genealogical social group the sons passes from one grade to the next is performed every eight years during the life cycle. All political, social and economic affairs of Oromo and institutions like adoption ‘Moggaasaa’conflict resolution ‘Araara’compensation ‘Gumaa’marriage law ‘Rakoo’Oromo religion ‘Waaqeffannaa”Irreeaaaa’, Siinqee and Marabbaa were make up of Gada system.


The retired Abba Gada and his council gaddaa Yuba serve as counsellors for the ruling Gada Class and are in charge of administration of justice. Most of the time possessor of ‘Kallachaa’ can possess Bokkuu the sign of political power.

Following handover of political power the outgoing Gada leaders enter the Yuba grade semi retired. Geographical location and range of the Gada system Major Oromo clans have established the centres of their Gada at several places based on their territorial settlement. Fortunately, while he was looking after his herds Waaqa God spoke to him under Odaa systwm sycamore tree that he had to preform what Waaqaa God order eystem.

In genera Kallachaa is a symbol of peace and reconciliation.

In addition to his Harvard PhD dissertation, Legesse has published a book [3] positioning Gadaa as an African democracy that could inform constitutional thinkers. Every transition ritual at different levels has its own unique character, name and procedure.

Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System –

The Oromo political institutions and social fabrics have suffered a lot from the Abyssinian cultural and political domination for the last syystem and fifty years. The Qaallu, the religious leader, leads the ritual ceremonies, such as blessing Gada officials and operations. This second one has little to do with age where as the first has nothing to do with genealogical ties. They have their own time, place and events to do so. Citizen apathy is at the root of our modern political system’s crisis.

Elements inscribed Browse the Lists Dive into intangible cultural heritage! All the boys in grade IV formally become members of Gada hadaa at this stage and, with the induction of their leaders, the group becomes institutionalized as a corporate body. The Oromo had all that in the 16 th? It refers to temporal and systsm institution in the Oromo society.


Knowledge about the Gada system is transmitted to children in the home and at school. Generally speaking, Gadaa is a broad concept, and it is a system that consists a number of institutions, concepts, values and knowledge in it.

Gada is organized into five classes with one of these functioning as the ruling class consisting of a chairperson, officials and an assembly. The basic rule of the Gada system is that the newly born infant child always enters the system of grades exactly forty years after his father, regardless of the age of the son or the father.

Under the Systm System, Oromo society is organized into five Gada generation classes or sets which rotate every eight years to assume political, economic and ritual responsibilities.

Then the chance will be his. Those elected young Gada councilors and other members of the class in their twenties and early thirties marry at this stage. They may be required to serve as assistances unless Gada leaders announce him completely retired a man remain liable for political and social service of the nation. The conceptualisation of the postcolonial state in Africa is also highly influenced by the present predicaments see: When they reach Gada Grade VI after sixteen years they become leaders of all the classes and the whole nation.

Gadaa – Wikipedia

Sytem Oromo recognized the Gada System as part of their cultural heritage and as a contemporary system of governance that functions in concert with the modern state system. All activities and life of each and every member of the Oromo was guided by an egalitarian socio- economic and political structure of the society called the Gada system. Oromo oral traditional also supports the above view.