ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application. I’m starting to read Max Horkheimer’s Eclipse of Reason. I have had high hopes for it and have not been disappointed. The distinction.

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Related Entries Adorno, Theodor W. Feb 04, James Ferlinghetti rated it really liked it. Formalized reason eliminates irrationality by control of nature, and in the process comes to eliminate the individual.

Literary Encyclopedia | Eclipse of Reason

At the heart of his explanation was the decline of raw coercion as a tool of class power, It seems that even as technical knowledge expands the horizon of man’s thought and activity, his autonomy as an individual, his ability to resist the growing apparatus of mass manipulation, his power of imagination, his independent judgment appear to be reduced. His work would slow, however, once he retired in to the Swiss town of Montagnola. A New InterpretationHertfordshire: This is the reason used by Plato and Aristotle.

Dialectic is alternatively known as minor logic, as opposed to major logic or critique.

These are the kind of thinkers we need in order to know where we stand, to focus our minds in the right direction. Charaktermaske is a prescribed social role that serves to conceal the rsason of a social relation or order. This point, then, provides the space where Horkheimer can link his own materialist theory, and the work of the Institute, to the broadly Marxian aim of emancipation through overcoming the capitalist order.


Marianna Papastephanou – – Philosophy and Social Criticism 26 6: Which is where I suspect where Horkheimer’s interest in Schopenhauer pf from.

Member feedback about s in sociology: Through the Frankfurt School, Horkheimer planned, supported and made other significant works possible. As he notes at the horkhiemer, social philosophy must interpret the various phenomena associated with human social life.

English-language books Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. View all 3 comments. Member feedback about Dialectic: As though it were not already plain: Already in the investigation and determination of facts, and even more in the verification of horkbeimer, a role is played by the direction of attention, the refinement of methods, the categorical structure of the subject matter—in short, by human activity corresponding to the given social period.

Max Horkheimer

Hobbies become rationalized eckipse functional because they keep people in good spirits i. In this book Horkheimer examines how reason, once used to identify societal goals such as truth, justice, and freedom, has become instead divorced from its objective roots and is now a subjective tool used to justify any particular means and ends regardless of their nature. This kind of reason emerges in the modern era with Machiavelli and Hobbes and is linked towards the hard sciences, which are true without regard to human purposes and morality.

The ideas are big but are not unnecessarily swathed in difficult verbiage. Selected Early WritingsG. But horkheimrr a short and not very difficult read. Horkheimer also talks at length about the subjugation of nature by man and what the implications of this are.

Eclipse of Horkyeimer, Seabury Press, Originally Furthermore, it makes clear lf the solution to these problems is to be found in the formation of a more rational social order, which is described in terms of a socialist planned economy. Humans, seeking collective fulfillment in the nation, a race, or leader, become objects of domination.


A Critical Analysis topic Soviet Marxism: Pragmatism and positivism are representatives of instrumental reason, wanting to emulate the sciences in the experimental method pragmatismlogical rigor positivism and in eliminating metaphysics.

But human beings are only capable of finite knowledge, and can only pay attention to changing historical conditions. For a discussion of its political practice, see subsection Marxism as a political practice below. There he presents most of the main themes of his early philosophy in the context of describing what the Institute was to accomplish under his leadership.

To fill the void, reason itself falls prey to dogma: He is widely regarded as one of the horkheijer century’s foremost thinkers on aesthetics and philosophy, as well as one of its preeminent essayists. Objective reason is interested in ends, while subjective reason is ecoipse only in means. He was associated with the Frankfurt School, and also maintained formative friendships with thinkers such as playwright Bertolt Brecht and Kabbalah scholar Gershom Scholem.

Lists with This Book. The expression advanced capitalism distinguishes such societies from the historical previous forms of capitalism, mercantilism and industrial capitalism, and partially overlaps with the concepts horkhsimer a developed country; of the post-industrial age; of finance horkhimer of post-Fordism; of the spectacular society; of media culture; and of “developed”, “modern”, and “complex” capitalism. Unfortunately for conservatives we can’t just go back to older forms of objective reason like Thomism.