Here, we will look at socially motivated changes in language such as language reforms .. Available online at: Retrieved from http:// is never any one Retrieved from Shih, C., & Gamon, J. (). Web- based learning: Relationships among students motivation, attitude, learning styles and. Capturing socially motivated linguistic change: How the use of gender-fair language affects . Available online at: .

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In this edhi, we examine how the use of gender-fair language affects readers’ support for social initiatives in Poland and Austria. Here, we will look at socially motivated changes in language such as language reforms introduced to instigate and promote changes in social reality.

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The initiative was evaluated using five questions, a shortened version of the scale used in Study 2 7. In line with earlier findings, we assumed that reactions to gender-fair language would be more negative than reactions to traditional masculine forms in Poland, where gender-fair usage is still novel.

The first study motkvation a pilot study, and at the time, no institutional approval was needed in Poland for pilot studies. Means and standard deviations of evaluation of initiatives presented with masculine or feminine forms for gender and non-gender related initiatives according to participant gender across all three studies.

The results indicated that the effects of linguistic form were moderated by participant gender. The gender initiative was evaluated less favorably when presented with feminine forms than when masculine forms were used. The website of the study was accessed hthp persons. However, in Austria, where gender-fair language is well known and fairly established, we expected gender-fair forms to trigger highly positive reactions than the traditional use of the masculine.

Motivationstheorien nach Kirsten Tiggewerth-Kemper by Hans Peter on Prezi

However, for the German language we referred to the related scale for which the translation was available for us. Study 3 replicates Study 2 in Austria. Using the same research paradigm to examine these two countries and languages representing different stages of linguistic reform, allowed the indirect study of the longitudinal effects of socially motivated language reform.

While creating feminine human nouns is fairly easy in German mostly by adding the feminine suffix – in to the masculine form, e. In addition, it showed that the effect depended on the goal of the initiative. This means masculine generics, that is, grammatically masculine forms meant to represent both genders e. Proponents of gender-fair language were also judged as overly sensitive and preoccupied with non-essential matters Parks and Roberton, Geschlechtergerechte Stellenausschreibungen [Gender-fair job advertisements].


To test our assumptions, we conducted a regression analysis with evaluation of the social initiative as a dependent variable. Language, Cognition and Gender. Participants were to indicate whether the initiative 1 was generally popular, 2 was good for the system of higher education, or had the potential of increasing, 3 the prestige of higher education in Austria, 4 the quality of schooling, and 5 should be implemented at all Austrian institutions of higher education.

The results in the first iteration showed that an initiative presented in gender-fair language was evaluated more positively than an initiative presented in the masculine. Measures and Procedure The study was conducted shortly before the elections of regional authorities in Poland and immediately before the deadline for the parties to submit lists of candidates to the Election Committee in October Finally, the participants who provided demographical data were asked for comments and were provided with debriefing information about the study.

Presently, job advertisements must be phrased in a gender-fair way, e. In languages where gender-fair language was or is still a matter of debate English in the s: In addition, it examined the question of whether the goal of the initiative, a gender-related vs.

Study 2 aimed to replicate the effect of linguistic form found in Study 1.

In other words, while women’s evaluations of the gender mitivation initiative were independent efuhi the linguistic form employed, men’s evaluations were less favorable when the proponents were referred to in the feminine than in the masculine. Hence, over time, politically correct language can be reasonably assumed to become a linguistic standard and thus may then trigger positive evaluation among its users.

This was supported with oversignatures from Polish citizens. The initiative supported affirmative action either for women or for students from countries affected by war. In Polish, feminine forms of some role nouns can easily be derived with the suffix – ka e. For the gender initiative, Study 2 replicated the results of Study 1 and showed edui both male and female participants evaluated the initiatives less favorably when it was framed in the feminine than in the masculine form.


Two studies conducted in Poland investigate whether the evaluation of social motuvation Study 1: The matrix of correlation coefficients of the main variables of interest for all three Studies is available in Table 1. The effect of sexist attitudes and social structure on the use of sex-biased pronouns. However, this conclusion may be premature as we still do not know the popular reaction to politically correct language after it has been implemented eudhi a longer time.

In daily life, it is quite common to use academic titles when introducing people. Participants were to evaluate a grassroots campaign that concerned the system of higher education. Cognitive effects of masculine generics in German: Nevertheless, future studies should try to capture the change in attitudes toward gender-fair language more directly.

The slow fduhi now. The non-gender-related goal was helping students from countries affected by war.

The slider was preset to the mid-point position and the answers were recorded at 1-point intervals ranging from 0 very negative to very positive.

Mucchi-Faina, ; Merkel et al.

The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. In addition, we applied a scale measuring attitudes toward eww action programs Bell et al. The curse it is cast. Information on the support for parity act was provided by participants.

Suggest a Research Topic. Study 1 was conducted motivatino Poland via Motlvation. While gender-fair language is relatively novel in Poland, it is well established in Austria. Conversely, in Austria, where gender-fair language has been implemented and used for some time, there are no such negative effects. At the time of the study, no quota system had been legally introduced; however, the topic was very popular.