Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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Methylene chloride and methanolic stem bark and root extracts showed moderate acjda against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. The yhmenocardia are used as toothbrush. Screening for antitumor anti-HIV activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire.

Natural products have been used in folklore for the treatment of many illnesses and diseases. Citation in scholarly articles. Click on “show more” to view them. Shrub or small tree. Hymenocardia acida slash obtained from P. Bees commonly visit the flowers for nectar and pollen.

Hymenocardia acida

A leaf decoction is taken as an emetic and to treat snakebites. Phylogenetic relationships of Didymocistus and Hymenocardia Euphorbiaceae.

Phytotherapy Research 2 1: The bark contains amphiphile lupane-type triterpenoids, which are associated with its antimalarial and anti-inflammatory activities. Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida common shrub x – 9k – jpg www.

In West Africa it is chewed together with kola Cola spp. Trees, shrubs and lianas of West African dry zones. Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany.

Euphorbiaceae, subfamilies Phyllantoideae, Oldfieldioideae, Acalyphoideae, Crotonoideae and Euphorbioideae, tribe Hippomaneae. The wood is commonly used as fuel and for charcoal production; it burns slowly with a hot flame and little smoke. Free radical scavenging activity of some Nigerian medicinal plant extracts.


A decoction of the leafy twigs is used for bathing to treat tetanus, convulsions and exhaustion. Derivation of specific name: Inhibition of adjuvant arthritis in the rat and pinnal inflammation in the mouse by an extract of Hymenocardia acida. There are 20 citations in Afrirefs related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.

The leaves can be harvested during the rainy season, as the species is deciduous. In an in-vitro test of plants from DR Congo, water extracts, and to a lesser extent ethanol extracts, of the leaves showed significant effect against sickle cell formation. There are book citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. Closer examination has shown that most similarities are superficial and possibly the result of convergence.

From the root bark the cyclopeptide alkaloid hymenocardine was isolated. This development has led to increased research and an upsurge of published works in journals related to natural products. Display spot characters for this species. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade.

West African Plants – A Photo Guide – Hymenocardia acida Tul.

The powdered bark with copper dust is sprinkled on syphilitic sores. Seeds compressed circular, c. In Central Africa a brownish red dye obtained from the bark is used to colour raffia work and cloth; the bark contains much tannin and is used for tanning leather. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 87 2—3: Hymenocardia acida young fruit obtained from P.


Though many of these journals and publications are open access online, there is the need to bring into focus and shape the thinking and research opportunities of those scientists engaged in the field of natural products by bringing together in form of a review, the publications that are available on a given natural product. Methanol extracts from the root bark exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against 60 human cell lines of the National Cancer Institute of the United States.

Leaf powder is topically applied in friction to treat rheumatic pains, toothache and fever; it is also sprinkled on sores after washing. International Journal of Pharmacognosy More or less throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal to Ethiopia and south to Angola, central Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Powdered root in porridge is given to breast-feeding women to diminish the milk flow. An ethanolic root extract showed marked antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniaeStaphylococcus aureusStreptococcus mutans and Salmonella enterica in vitro, as well as spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory activities in vivo in mice and rats.

Hymenocardia acida young tree habit. The stem bark is made into rope. There are 1 Wikipedia citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. There are citation in web searches related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.