Tratat de istorie a religiilor has ratings and 17 reviews. „Un fenomen religios nu se va dezvălui ca atare decât considerat în propria sa modalitate. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Mircea Eliade was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at “Introducere”, in Eliade, Tratat de istorie a religiilor: Introducere (“Religious History Treatise” – Patterns in Comparative Religion), Humanitas.

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Relkgiilor times during the late s, Eliade publicly expressed his support for the Iron Guardreligiiilor fascist and antisemitic political organization. Because they contain rituals, Judaism and Christianity necessarily—Eliade argues—retain a sense of cyclic time:. By its very nature, secularism depends on religion for its sense of identity: At an early stage of his polemic with Culianu, Eliade complained in writing that “it is not possible to write an objective history” of the Iron Guard and its leader Corneliu Zelea Codreanu.

For example, Kirk argues that the eternal return does not accurately describe the functions of Native American or Greek mythology.

Eliade’s image in contemporary culture also has political implications.

It may be said, in general, that the majority of the sacred and ritual trees that we meet with in the history of religions are only replicas, imperfect copies of this exemplary archetype, the Cosmic Tree. Thus, from Eliade’s perspective, the Christ story becomes the perfect myth for modern man.

A manifestation of the Sacred in profane space is, by definition, an example of something breaking through from one plane of existence to another. Eliade argues that yearning to remain in the mythical age causes a “terror of history”: An endowed chair in the History of Religions at the University of Chicago Divinity School was named after Eliade in recognition of his wide contribution to the research on this subject; the current and first incumbent holder of this chair is Wendy Doniger.


Early in his life, Eliade was a journalist and essayist, a disciple of Romanian far-right philosopher and journalist Nae Ionescuand a member of the literary society Criterion. As a result, his daughter decides to have intercourse with a lowly stranger, becoming pregnant in the hope that her parents would consequently allow her to marry her lover.


In more than one way, this death and resurrection represents the shaman’s elevation above human nature. This page was last edited on 2 Decemberat According to Ellwood, the part of Eliade that felt attracted to the “freedom of new beginnings suggested by primal myths” is the same part that felt attracted to the Guard, with its almost mythological notion of a new beginning through a “national resurrection”.

Wendy DonigerEliade’s colleague from until his death, has observed that “Eliade argued boldly for universals where he might more safely have argued for widely prevalent patterns”. In contrast, Professor Kees W. However, Eliade argues that the Hindu approach to history does not necessarily lead to a rejection of history. In the homogeneous and infinite expanse, in which no point of reference is possible and hence no orientation is established, the hierophany reveals an absolute fixed point, a center.

Imagery of “freedom”, and of death to one’s old body and rebirth with a new body, occur frequently in Yogic texts, representing escape from the bondage of the temporal human condition. Traditional cultures see suffering and death as a rite of passage.

File:Eliade Mircea Istoria credintelor si ideilor religioase Pdf – Monoskop

A recurrent theme in Eliade’s myth analysis is the axis mundithe Center of the World. Haig Acterian ‘s widow, religiiilor director Marietta Sadovawas sent to Paris in order to re-establish contacts with the two. Open Preview See a Problem? To ask other readers questions about Tratat de istorie a religiilorplease sign up. According to Ellwood, the mythologists believed in gnosticism’s basic doctrines even if in a secularized form. In Romania, Mircea Eliade’s legacy in the field of the history of religions is mirrored by the journal Archaeus foundedand affiliated with the University of Bucharest Faculty of History.

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Eliade is known for his attempt to find broad, cross-cultural parallels and unities in religion, particularly in myths.

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Mircea Eliade

Articles with Romanian-language external links Articles with Spanish-language external links Webarchive template wayback links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from November Articles with permanently dead external links Webarchive template archiveis links Articles with French-language external links CS1 maint: According to some “evolutionistic” theories of religion, especially that of Edward Burnett Tylor istoriw, cultures naturally progress from animism and polytheism to monotheism.

Robert Ellwood also places Eliade’s involvement with the Iron Guard in relation to scholar’s conservatism, and connects this aspect of Eliade’s life with both his nostalgia and his study of primal societies.

Eliade argues that traditional man attributes no value to the linear march of historical events: If we define shamanism this way, Eliade claims, we find that the term covers a collection of phenomena that share a common and unique “structure” and “history”.

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Mircea Eliade – Wikipedia

The Indian religions of the East generally retain a cyclic view of time—for instance, the Hindu doctrine of kalpas. Many traditional societies believe that the power of a thing lies in its origin. Various critics have traced links between Eliade’s fiction works and his political views, or Romanian politics in general.

Matter, Substance, represents the absolute originthe beginning of all things. A work that drew particular interest was his Jurnal portughez “Portuguese Diary”completed during his stay in Lisbon and published only after its author’s death. All I wish for is a deep change, a complete transformation.

Eliade was especially dissatisfied with the incidence of unemployment among intellectuals, whose careers in state-financed institutions had been rendered uncertain by the Great Depression.

Can the Romanian nation end its life in the saddest decay witnessed by history, undermined by misery and syphilisistorix by Jews and torn to pieces by foreigners, demoralized, betrayed, sold for a few million lei?

Retrieved from ” https: Critical PerspectivesRoutledgeLondon,p.