Full text of “John Wilkes The Illyrians” 1 Arthur John Evans in (from Joan Evans, Time and Chance, London, Illyrian ship and legend GENTH (rev.). saRte Me Ul eetcvec John Wilkes The extracts on pp and from Appian’s Roman History, vols. 2 and 3, translated by Horace White, are reprinted by kind. Documents Similar To – John Wilkes – THE Origin of the Albanians. Uploaded by. Linas Kondratas. Vladimir Orel, Albanian Etymological.

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Major settlements have developed either as coastal ports Durres and Vlora or important towns on the inland margins Shkoder, I n ana, Klbasan and Berat but rarely in between. The presence of both burial rites beneath tumuli has been interpreted as the result of the local tradition cremation being mixed with burial customs originat- ing from the area of Glasinac and also from the south. The first detailed account of the ancient lllynans appeared in the Albanesische Studten of J. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Many illryians hold to the view that it is possible to detect traces of invasions by Indo-Europeans in the material culture of this or that region. The general character of these industries has sug- gested links with the northeast, namely I lungary and western Romania. In Level 24 counting from the top where the latest deposit belonged to the bronze Age there was a thick intcr- glacial illurians which could be dated to the Last lnterglacial period, that is before the advances of the great Alpine ice caps datedtobc.

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Full text of “John Wilkes The Illyrians”

Tony Hale marked it as to-read Mar 06, After yet another defile at Stalac comes the meeting with the Western Zapadna Morava, which has also flowed through several gorges linking the basins of Pozcga, Cacak, Kraljevo and Krusc- vac.

As preserved in Strabo’s Geography the. That it belonged to the ‘family’ of Indo-European languages has been deduced from the many names of Illyrian peoples and places preserved in Greek and Latin records, both literary and cpigraphic. Covic b, b; Belotic and Bela Crkva: In the Austrian port of Trieste the British consul Richard Burton contributed a study of ancient hill settlements gradina and other prehistoric remains in the Istrian peninsula see figure 25to be followed 30 years later by the major synthesis of Carlo Marchesetti.


Several groups, notably those in Istria, Libumia, northern and southern Serbia, central Bosnia and Dalmatia, had already been formed before the start of this period, but an Early Iron Age prosperity brought instability to their traditional pattern of social relations and a decline had already set in before the end of the seventh century.

Contacts of the Lika communities with the Adriatic appear to have passed via the Liburnians but when the power of the latter declined contact with northern Italy may have become closer. Stone and Bronze Ages 1 The earliest testimony of man’s presence in the Illyrian lands are stone hand-axes and’ pebbles broken for use as chopping tools.

Back cover copy For more than a thousand years before the arrival of the Slavs inthe sixth century AD, the lands between the Adriatic and the riverDanube, now Yugoslavia and Albania, were the home of the peoplesknown to the ancient world as Illyrians.

Hie new rulers supported long-distance commerce centred on such places. Except for the central stretch between Zadar and Split there are no significant areas of lowland adjoining die sea north of the plain of the Bojana which drains the Lake ol Shkoder. A feu names which occur in the upper Neretva valley around Konjic appear to be ol Celtic origin: Their elites are dis- tinguished by graves that arc rich in weapons and jewellery “‘Soca Isonzo group: Climatic change may have caused the ahandonment of this settlement and some of the inhabitants may have moved to occupy a pile-settlement at wiokes river’s edge.

North of the Karawanken the river Drau rises in the High Tauern of Austria and at Maribor emerges from a gorge through the Pohorje plateau into the broad basin around Ptuj, site of a Roman fortress and veteran colony.


This is the crucial area of a major north-south passage between the upper Vardar and the Morava basin around Nis. After the Second Wilke War the Yugoslav need for an adequate Adriatic port was acknowledged with the award of almost all Istria, along with the Julian Alps. From this there emerges no support for clear-cut definitions of lllyrians, either through a compact unity in the archaeological evidence or through any apparent consistency in habits of ritual or illyrkans life across the different cultural groups.

The Illyrians

From there the limit passes southwestwards, skirting the southeast Alps, to meet the Adriatic in Istria. In general the lllyrians have tended to be recognized from a negative standpoint, in that they were manifestly not Celts, Dacians or Thracians, or Greeks or Mace- donians, their neighbours on the north, east and south respectively.

What appears to have johnn a shift in burial rite from inhumation to cremation, similar to that observed at Glasinac and elsewhere has been taken as evidence for the arrival of illyrizns people from the north.

Drainage of this area is entirely io the Danube, which exits from the plain by the Iron Gates gorge through the Carpathians east of Belgrade.

The Illyrian tribes never collectively regarded themselves as ‘Illyrians’, and it is unlikely that they used any collective nomenclature for illyriaans. Compared with this vast system the rivers which flow into the Mediterranean arc insignificant. Numerous monumental sculptures are preserved, as well as walls of citadel Nezakcij near Pulaone of numerous Istrian cities from Iron Age.

A wider distribution in Macedonia and Epirus is the basis for suggestions of a southward and eastward jhn of Illyrian peoples. The northern half of formerly Illyrian-inhabited territory was overrun by the Slavic incursions in the 6th and 7th centuries and was ultimately absorbed into the medieval states of Serbia and Croatia.