Lev Isaakovich Shestov (Russian: Лев Исаакович Шестов), born Yehuda Leyb Schwarzmann (Russian: Иегуда Лейб Шварцман), variously known as Leon. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Nietzsche (The Good in the Teaching of Tolstoy and Nietzsche: Philosophy and Teaching & Dostoevsky and Nietzsche: The. An introduction to the Russian-Jewish existentialist philosopher Lev Shestov, Leon Chestov.

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Dostoevsky and Nietzsche The Philosophy of Tragedy, In it he attacked the positivism and skeptical rationalism of the famous Danish critic and essayist in the name of a vague moral idealism. He wishes to render the human vision not more penetrating but, on the contrary, less so Revolt and Submission aphorisms, published Lev Shestov belongs to the small company of truly great religious philosophers of our time and his work deserves the closest attention of all who are seriously concerned with the problems of religious thought.

Koteliansky’s literary translation of the work, [1] summarized Shestov’s philosophy with the words: Camus here discusses what he calls Shestov’s “leap” towards God, a leap which he himself rejects as an “escape” from an authentic awareness of the reality of the absurd.

One cannot seek Him in history. It was at Husserl’s home in Freiburg that Shestov, when he came to the German university town to lecture inmet Martin Heidegger. Has there ever been a single Christian who actually moved mountains?

Shestov plunged into a study of Kierkegaard and immediately recognized that he had found a deeply kindred spirit. Shestov maintains that we should continue to struggle, to fight against Fate and Necessity, even when a successful outcome is not guaranteed. He went on to study law and mathematics at Moscow State University but after a clash with the Inspector of Students he was told to return to Kiev, where he completed his studies.

Get to Know Us. The book’s longest essay, “Speculation and Apocalypse”, treats of Vladimir Solovyov’s philosophy. The friends are horrified at Job’s words: Shestov refused this, yet with the permission of the authorities he lectured at the University of Kiev on Greek philosophy.

American and British readers, to whom the life and work of this great Russian Jewish thinker are now virtually unknown, [5] can profit from becoming acquainted with him.


This is partly because his works have not been readily available. Conversations with Lev Shestov by Benjamin Fondane – As the years go by it becomes harder and harder for me to keep believing that the wall ldv be broken down, that one can defeat impossibility.

The German language edition was barely published in Graz and distributed to libraries throughout Europe before Hitler annexed Austria. These were for Shestov years of continued literary and philosophical study and writing. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. He was inscribed on the official list of advocates at St.

To obtain that which is possible he turns to those like himself. It may be said that so to insist is to abandon philosophy for poetry and art, but Shestov himself always maintained that philosophy is indeed, or rather should be, more art than science.

Koteliansky and published with a preface by D. Out of Print–Limited Availability. Athens and Jerusalem Dec 31, In any case, the tendency to formless anarchism that is to be discerned in his friend Berdyaev and that seems to have been part of the mental furniture of a good many other Russian thinkers and writers of his time did not leave him untouched.

He did not believe that he had created any clearly defined, positive body of philosophic or religious thought that could simply be handed on to students, to be expounded and taught.

Shestov, Lev

To sing praises not only to that measure of necessity and constraint that oev exists but to go further and maintain that everything in the universe is necessarily and eternally as it is – this tendency of rationalist thought, shesto contended, does the greatest violence to the spirit. Featured Links Nikolai Berdyaev was a life-long friend of Shestov and their intense debates in private and in print kept the arc of Russian philosophy vibrant and well-strung for many years. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:.

I know that this ideal of freedom in relation to truth and the good cannot be realized on earth – in all probability does not need to be realized. Shestov was always more of an essayist than a book writer. Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. If God loves men, what need has He to subordinate men to His divine will and to deprive them of their own will, the most precious of the things He has bestowed upon them?


If God loves men, what need has He to subordinate men to His divine will and to deprive them of their own will, the most precious of the things He has bestowed upon them?

What he insisted, rather, was that the limits of science must be clearly understood whestov that the scientists and the would-be scientific philosophers must not pretend that their essentially “soulless and indifferent truths” [34] alone will satisfy the ultimate needs of the human spirit.

Despite his weakening condition Shestov lv to write at a quick pace, and finally completed his magnum opus, Athens and Jerusalem. Shestov, Rosenzweig, Buber, pp. People gathered there to exchange ideas and to listen to music.

Hell, where is thy victory? Was it not in order to show man, through His example, that no decision is too hard, that it is worth while bearing anything in order not to remain in the womb of the One? From Kiev our group moved north, and our ties with Shestov were continued and consolidated in Moscow.

The Fundamental Idea of the Philosophy of Lev Shestov

The biblical revelation not only cannot be harmonized with rationalist or would-be “scientific” metaphysics but is itself altogether devoid of support either from logical argument or scientific knowledge.

But you can’t follow him there, that’s the very thing that makes you turn hsestov – so how come you call yourself and existentialist? The sin of Adam has been repeated by his descendants, whose relentless pursuit of knowledge has led not to ultimate truth but to the choking of the springs of life and the destruction of man’s primordial freedom.

Po perepiske i vospominaniiam sovremennikov, 2 vols.

Lev Shestov

This pretension, he concluded, must be firmly rejected. Macartney and published in London in Variously described as an irrationalist, an anarchist, a religious philosopher, Shestov’s themes were initially inspired by Nietzsche until he found a kindred spirit in Kierkegaard. In his next volume, The Apotheosis of Groundlessnesspublished in St.