Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). 3. Influence of new host plants on. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and.

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For removing the dirty lie portion of the cocoons, a reversing machine is used which turns the cocoon inside out. Larval period lasts for days.

The silk fibres are then extracted from those abandoned cocoons. Third, fourth, and fifth instar caterpillars are all covered with a fine white powder. It is a polyphagous insect, which feeds on leaves of Som, Soalu and other plants.

After mating the female lays eggs which are collected by the farmers and are gummed on long strips of paper- or leaf-made cup which are then hung on suitable host trees, where they hatch wilkworm naturally. The larvae repeat this process for 4 times. These are medium to very large in size, and this family includes the largest moths. Its other ecoraces are distributed across the palaearctic and indo-australian biogeographic regions. The egg is oval, dorsoventrally symmetrical along the anteroposterior axis.

Tasar silk is mentioned in literature dating back to B. At this stage, the mature worms are picked up and transferred to mountages Chandri-kas.

It is distributed in North-Eastern part of India. When the matured Caterpillers stop feeding they are transferred to spinning trays.


Soon after the solkworm, the silk moths mate, lay eggs and die. Improved spinning machines like N. Due to the discontinuous nature of the silk filaments, it is not reeled but spun from the outer layer of the cocoon.

Not only is the life-history of Attacus more or less similar to that of Bombyx but also the rearing technique and tools and materials are the same. Body colouration is retained throughout the larval period. Some are light green, others are yellow, and some are grey and others almost white Fig.

Rearing of Silkworms: Life Cycle and other details on Silkworms

Tasar silk is generated by the worm of the silk month Antheraea mylitta. The tiny dots are caterpillar poop, called “frass. The eri moth is multivoltine in nature and can pass 6 life cycles in a year. After mulberry silkworms it is another type which can be artificially domesticated.

Non-mulberry sericigenous fauna belonging to the family Saturniidae superfamily Bombycoidea are mostly wild Silkmoths. Prawn Fishery in India: So when eri silk is spun, it forms a lower grade of silk of unusual quality. The fabric is light, airy, and stiff, and has its own feel and appeal. The tasar silkworms are grown only in the wild.

Life Cycle of Various Silk Moths

The size of the tasar silk-moths is larger than the other silk-moths. Machans are needed to accommodate large number of trays in a limited space.

Cyclle reversed cocoons are washed several times alternately with cold water, hot water containing caustic soda, and cold water.

These are used as important tools in basic entomological and biotechnological research in various countries. Large amount of excreta, dirty products and remains of leaves may fall on the trays from the holes of the upper trays. You can see from the bushy antennae that it’s a male.

Samia ricini, the eri silkworm

The wings are greyish brown in colour with prominent eye spot [Fig. Due to this, their outer portion is loosened and removed in the form of long tapes and the end of the continuous filament is found. Each female can lay about eggs [Fig. They grow rapidly, eat voraciously and end up about 30 mm long after weeks.


Life Cycle of Various Silk Moths

Kharikas are then suspended yccle a string. Sometimes farmers may collect cocoons from the wild instead of eggs Cyce. Yellow colour body larvae can also be seen. The Indian tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta is a natural fauna of tropical India, represented by more than 20 ecoraces. Female has yellowish grey wings and males possess yellowish red wings with prominent eye spots on each wing Fig.

These moths feed on leaves of oak, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt. Only eggs of disease-free moths are kept for hatching. Erii and sexual dimorphism with regard to colour pattern are less pronounced in A. The Indian tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta is a natural fauna of tropical India. Plants are not allowed to bear fruits and seeds, with the help of regular prunning.

Soon after ring and peduncle formation larva enters the hammock and starts spinning the cocoon. Most caterpillars have three thoracic segments, which bear the true legs, and usually ten abdominal segments. The maturity is achieved in about 45 days since the time of hatching and the matured caterpillar now measures 7—10 cms. After sufficient boiling, the cocoons are taken out washed with water several times to remove soda, squeezed to remove water and then spread on mats silkqorm dry.