Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). 3. Influence of new host plants on. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and.

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After the fourth moult, the caterpillar eats voraciously and becomes fully grown. The mature larvae spin cocoons which are hard with different colours according to the types of plant leaves they fed.

Before cocoon formation, mature worms are transferred to special type of trays known as spinning trays or chandraki. The silk worms of the silk moths Philosamia ricini and Attacus ricini generate a different kind of white silk, called eri silk. Eri silk, no doubt, is also produced in Bihar but Assam is the largest producer of Eri and Munga Silk.

On March 20, just a couple of days past four weeks, the first caterpillars began to spin. Here, you can see two first-instar worms, and two newly-emerged second instar worms. It is popular for its natural golden colour, glossy fine textures and durability.

Young caterpillars are of greenish-yellow in colour with black spots.

Life Cycle of Various Silk Moths

After the first molt the body turns green, while the head remains brown. The hammock is generally in the shape of a cone or a cup with an opening on the top. Raising Eri silkworms is referred to as Ericulture. The pupa is copper brown, weighs about 6g. The pupa is finally metamorphosed into young adult moth in pife days.


Most of the research and development of technology is confined to China, India, and Japan ei Asia. After passing out the last excreta the larva takes rest for silkdorm while, then it becomes active in search of a suitable place for spinning the cocoon.

They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva, pupa and adult moths. Tasar silk is generated by the worm of the silk month Antheraea mylitta.

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Kusuma Rajaiah of A. This process continues for days, at the end of which the caterpillar is enclosed within a thick, somewhat hard, oval, whitish or yellowish cocoon. With the help of their mandibulate type of mouth-parts they feed on the tender leaves of host-plants.

Cocoon is a hard protective covering secreted by the silk-glands of the larva. The length of continuous silk filament ranges from metres with 4 to 5 breaks. The secretion is continuous and after coming in contact with the air sticky secretion is converted into a fine, long and solid thread of silk. The eri moth is multivoltine in nature and can pass 6 life cycles in a year. It belongs to same family as Tasar.

The pin in the photo is to show the scale; it’s a standard steel sewing pin. It is from August to December that the tasar insects are active and for the rest of the year silkwomr are inactive i. The moths exhibit distinct sexual dimorphism. Siokworm this it should be well plastered with cow-dung or mud at regular intervals. This is a bunch of the tiny larvae, with a dime for scale.

Caterpillars in their final stages start spinning the cocoons. The cocoons are kept in basin with warm water. Larvae fed on mejankori leaves Litsea citrata produce a kind of silk known as mejankori silk, which is favoured for its durability, lustre and creamy white shade.

Life Cycle of Various Silk Moths

The emerging adults are allowed to mate and in the coupled state, the pair is tied with a piece of cotton thread to 1. Muga silkworm is one of the economically important wild silkmoths whose genome is among the least understood is unique among saturniid moths.


In fact, eri cocoon is considered as a palatable item to the local people of Assam. Among these wild silkmoths, we have analyzed transcriptomes of three economically important wild silkmoths. Healthy cocoons are selected during the harvesting season for the next rearing.

Females are transferred to earthenware pots or card-board boxes in which they deposit their eggs in next 24 hrs. They took most of a whole day to finish, and I imagine they’re continuing on the inside. They are made up of 12 segments which is distinct into three parts i. The eggs are white, oval and covered with a gummy substance, which makes them adhere to one another.

Only eggs of disease-free moths are kept for hatching. Sometimes farmers may collect cocoons from the wild instead of eggs Fig. To overcome this problem, the land in which rearing is to be done is divided into two plots. This type of silk is obtained from the worms of Attacus ricini which feeds on castor leaves. Just before spinning cocoons they stop feeding and excrete the whole excreta from the alimentary canal. The important reasons for low production are attributed to traditional method of silkworm rearing on tall trees in natural habitat, which exposes the larvae to a number of predators, parasites and diseases apart from natural vagaries.

Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and muga silkworm. Reeling of the silk filament cannot be done unless this dried gummy substance is softened.